Bicameral Parliamentary System


A bicameral parliamentary system is a system of two legislative Chambers. Indian system is bicameral because both the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha are involved in the process of making new laws. Bicameral literally means ‘two chambers’.

Countries with Bicameral Parliamentary System:

  1. Australia-Parliament–Senate–House of Representatives
  2. Austria-Parliament–Federal Council–National Council
  3. Antigua and Barbuda-Parliament–Senate–House of Representatives
  4. The Bahamas-Parliament–Senate–House of Assembly
  5. Barbados-Parliament–Senate–House of Assembly
  6. Belize–National Assembly–Senate–House of Representatives
  7. Belgium-Federal Parliament–Senate–Chamber of Representatives
  8. Bhutan-Parliament (Chitshog)–Bhutan will become a Democratic Constitutional Monarchy in 2008–National Council (Gyalyong Tshogde)– National Assembly (Gyalyong Tshogdu)
  9. Canada-Parliament–Senate–House of Commons
  10. Czech Republic-Parliament–Senate–Chamber of Deputies
  11. Ethiopia-Federal Parliamentary Assembly–House of Federation– House of People’s Representatives
  12. Germany–Bundesrat (Federal Council)–Bundestag (Federal Diet)
  13. Grenada-Parliament–Senate–House of Representatives
  14. India-Parliament–Rajya Sabha (Council of States)–Lok Sabha (House of People)
  15. Ireland-Oireachtas–Seanad Éireann–Dáil Éireann
  16. Iraq-National Assembly–Council of Union [2]–Council of Representatives
  17. Italy-Parliament–Senate of the Republic–Chamber of Deputies
  18. Jamaica-Parliament–Senate–House of Representatives
  19. Japan-Diet–House of Councillors–House of Representatives
  20. Malaysia-Parliament–Dewan Negara–Dewan Rakyat
  21. The Netherlands-States-General–Eerste Kamer–Tweede Kamer
  22. Pakistan-Majlis-e-Shoora–Senate–National Assembly
  23. Poland-Parliament–Senate–Sejm
  24. Romania-Parliament–Senate–Chamber of Deputies
  25. Saint Lucia-Parliament–Senate–House of Assembly
  26. Slovenia-Parliament–National Council–National Assembly
  27. South Africa-Parliament–National Council of Provinces–National Assembly
  28. Spain-Cortes Generales–Senate–Congress of Deputies
  29. Switzerland-Federal Assembly–Council of States–National Council
  30. Thailand-National Assembly [3]–Senate–House of Representatives
  31. Trinidad and Tobago-Parliament–Senate–House of Representatives
  32. United Kingdom-Parliament–House of Lords–House of Common

Also, Read:

Constitutional Development in India From Regulating Act 1773 to Govt. of India Act 1935

Borrowed Features of The Constitution

Unicameral Parliamentary System


3 responses to “Bicameral Parliamentary System”

  1. Lots Of Countries Follows The Bicameral System.I Think This System is Nice.

  2. I sending my views about our Parliament that Bicameral systemis not fit for our democracy. Suppose to be Lok-shabha passed a essential bills in house with majority,but another house dropped it in dustbin. How can we established the needs of our country when our specific mandate makes a majority government.
    We should be changed our system of the Parliament. The boths house have to governance a board of administrator,thouse who are empowered by the Constitution & also his Excellency the President of India.That administration decided the crucial matter within the stipulated period,only then we becomes a strong parliament.

  3. Decentrelized system is the more apropriate in which state goverenment should be cancled and direct district authority has power for making local laws so that can satisfy each localized need. and one suprime comand with centrel level and it should has malitary power for protact and defance our national geography and frome foreighn attacs. this can be possible only when party system is cancaled first