Human Rights – UN Declaration & Indian Constitution

United Nation’s Universal Declaration of Human Rights

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity. – Article 1

Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration without distinction of any kind such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, nation, property, birth or other status. – Article 2

Everyone has the right to life liberty and security of person. – Article 3

Slavery and slave trade is prohibited. – Article 4

No one shall be subject to torture. – Article 5

All are equal before the law and entitled to equal protection of law. – Article 6

Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law. – Article 7

All are equal before the law and are entitled to equal protection of law. Article 8

No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile. – Article 9

Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing. – Article 10

Everyone has right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty. – Article 11

Everyone has right to protection of law against arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honour and reputation. – Article 12

Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within border and has the right to leave any country, including his own. – Article 13

Everyone has the right to a nationality. – Article 15

Everyone has freedom of thought, conscience and religion. – Article 18

Everyone has right to work. – Article 23

Everyone has the right to education. – Article 26

Read more: United Nations (UN) and its Principal Organs

Indian Constitution and Human Rights

Articles 13 declares that all laws in so far they are inconsistent with the Fundamental Rights, be void, to the extent of inconsistency, and further the State shall not make any law which takes away or abridges these rights and any law made in contravention, shall be void.

Article 14 secures equality before law to all persons.

Article 15 prohibits discrimination among the citizens on the ground of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth.

Article 16 ensures equal opportunity to them in the matters of public employment.

Article 19 assures freedom of speech and expression, right to assemble peacefully and without arms, to form association and unions; to move freely throughout the territory of India; to reside and settle in any part of the country, trade and business etc.

Article 21guarantees equal protection of the law and prohibits deprivation of life and personal liberty.

Article 23 prohibits traffic of human beings and forced labour.

Article 24 prohibits child labour.

Article 25-30 assures freedom of conscience and right to manage religious institutions; as well as makes provisions for protection of the minorities and their places of worship and educational institutions.

Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) provides for a lot of social and economic benefits for the citizens to be attained in future.

Also, there are several laws like Protection of Civil Rights Act, Employees State Insurance Acts, the Dowry Prohibition Act, The Workmen Compensation Act, The Bonded Labour (Abolition) Act, The Minimum Wage Act, Environmental Protection Act, and many more other are there to ensure human rights of citizens.

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Fundamental Rights – Detailed Analysis Part I

Fundamental Rights – Detailed Analysis Part 2