Governor Generals of India

Share This Post

Governor Generals of India

While the British Rule these were the Governor Generals of India.

Lord William Bentinck (1828-1835)

  • Carried out social reforms like Prohibition of Sati (1829) and elimination of thug (1830)
  • Made English medium of higher education in the country (after the recommendations of Macaulay)
  • Suppressed female infanticide and child sacrifice
  • Charter Act of 1833 was passed: made him the first Governor General of India before him, the designation was Governor General of Bengal

Sir Charles Metcalfe (1835-1836)

  • Abolished all restriction on vernacular press (called Liberator of the Press)

Read Also: India under Governor generals

Lord Auckland (1836-1842)

  • The most important event of his reign was the first Afghan War, which proved to be a disaster for the English

Lord Elleborogh (1842-1844)

Lord Harding I (1844-1848)

Lord Dalhousie (1848-1856)

  • Opened the first Indian Railway in 1853 (from Bombay to Thane)
  • Laid out the telegraph lines in 1853 (first was from Calcutta to Agra)
  • Introduced the ‘Doctrine of Lapse’ and captured Satara (1848), Jaipur and Sambhalpur (1849), Udaipur (1852), Jhansi (1853) and Nagpur (1854)
  • Established the postal system on the modern lines through the length and breadth of the country, which made communication easier
  • Started the public works department, many bridges were constructed and the work on grand trunk road was started. The harbors of Karachi, Bombay and Calcutta were also developed.
  • Made Shimla the summer capital
  • Started engineering college at Roorkee
  • Encouraged Science, Forestry, Commerce, Mineralogy and Industry
  • In 1854, ‘Wood’s Dispatch’ was passed, which provided for the properly articulated system of education from the primary school to the university
  • Due to Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar’s efforts, remarriage of widows was legalized by Widow Remarriage Act, 1856

Must Read:

Governor Generals and Viceroys of India

Social Conditions in the Era of Mauryan Imperialism


Related Posts

Art and Literature of Middle Ages

Art during the Middle Ages was different based on...

Literature of Ancient India: Sanskrit Drama

The origin of Sanskrit drama is in obscurity; there...

The Bhakti Movement of the Medieval Age

The Bhakti Movement, one of the most remarkable features...

Saivism: Origin, Principles and Kinds

The origin of Saivism may be traced to, as...

Sikhism – An Introduction to Sikh Religion

Sikhism had its origin in the teachings of Guru...

The Gandhara Art

The Gandhara Art, justifying its name, is localized to...
- Advertisement -spot_img