Governor Generals of India

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Governor Generals of India

While the British Rule these were the Governor Generals of India.

Lord William Bentinck (1828-1835)

  • Carried out social reforms like Prohibition of Sati (1829) and elimination of thug (1830)
  • Made English medium of higher education in the country (after the recommendations of Macaulay)
  • Suppressed female infanticide and child sacrifice
  • Charter Act of 1833 was passed: made him the first Governor General of India before him, the designation was Governor General of Bengal

Sir Charles Metcalfe (1835-1836)

  • Abolished all restriction on vernacular press (called Liberator of the Press)

Read Also: India under Governor generals

Lord Auckland (1836-1842)

  • The most important event of his reign was the first Afghan War, which proved to be a disaster for the English

Lord Elleborogh (1842-1844)

Lord Harding I (1844-1848)

Lord Dalhousie (1848-1856)

  • Opened the first Indian Railway in 1853 (from Bombay to Thane)
  • Laid out the telegraph lines in 1853 (first was from Calcutta to Agra)
  • Introduced the ‘Doctrine of Lapse’ and captured Satara (1848), Jaipur and Sambhalpur (1849), Udaipur (1852), Jhansi (1853) and Nagpur (1854)
  • Established the postal system on the modern lines through the length and breadth of the country, which made communication easier
  • Started the public works department, many bridges were constructed and the work on grand trunk road was started. The harbors of Karachi, Bombay and Calcutta were also developed.
  • Made Shimla the summer capital
  • Started engineering college at Roorkee
  • Encouraged Science, Forestry, Commerce, Mineralogy and Industry
  • In 1854, ‘Wood’s Dispatch’ was passed, which provided for the properly articulated system of education from the primary school to the university
  • Due to Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar’s efforts, remarriage of widows was legalized by Widow Remarriage Act, 1856

Must Read:

Governor Generals and Viceroys of India

Social Conditions in the Era of Mauryan Imperialism

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