During the British Rule this was the Governor Generals of Bengal.
Warren Hastings (1772-1785)
- Brought a duel Government of Bengal to an end by the Regulating Act, 1773
- Deprived zamindars of their judicial power and civil and criminal courts were established
- Maintenance of records was made compulsory
- The great patron of oriental learning founded the Asiatic Society of Bengal with William Johns in 1784. He wrote an introduction to the first English translation of the Gita by Charles Wilkins.
- Impeachment proceeding started against him when he returned on the charges of taking a bribe. After a trial of seven years, he was finally acquitted.
Read Also: Governor Generals and Viceroys of India
Lord Cornwallis (1786-1835)
- Did the permanent settlement of Bengal (also called Zamindari System)
- The first person to codify laws. The code separated the revenue administration from the administration of justice.
- Police Reforms: Each district was divided into 400 sq miles and placed under the Police Superintendent.
- The civil service was brought into existence
Sir John Shore (1793-1798)
Lord Wellesley (1789-1805)
- Adopted the policy of Subsidiary Alliance – A system to keep the Indian rulers under control and to make the British the paramount power
- The states that accepted this policy where the Nizam of Hyderabad, the Ruler of Mysore, the Raja of Tanjore, The Nawab of Awadh, the Peshwa, the Bhosle Raja of Berar, the Scindia, the Rajputs of Jodhpur, Jaipur, etc
Must Read: Governor Generals of India
George Barlow (1805-1807)
Lord Minto I (1807-1830)
- Concluded the treaty of Amritsar with Maharaja Ranjit Singh (1809)
- Charter Act of 1813 was passed
Lord Hastings (1813-1823)
Lord Amherst (1823-1828)