Stephen Hawking

Stephen Hawking was born in Oxford, England on January 8, 1942. He grew up in a highly educated family. Both of his parents had attended Oxford University and his father, Frank, was a medical researcher.

Stephen Hawking enjoyed math and science in school where he earned the nickname “Einstein.” He wanted to study math at university but Oxford didn’t have a math degree at the time so he chose physics and chemistry instead. Stephen Hawking found college coursework to be very easy. He enjoyed being a member of the school’s boat club as well as classical music. After graduation, he went to Cambridge to study for his PhD.

Also, Read: Alexander Graham Bell

Diagnosed with ALS

While Stephen Hawking was working on his PhD at Cambridge University, he began to have health issues. His speech became slurred and he became very clumsy, often dropping items or falling for no reason. After going through a series of tests, doctors discovered that Stephen Hawking had a disease called ALS (also called Lou Gehrig’s disease). At the time, the doctors said he only had a few years to live.

Overcoming ALS

Although Stephen Hawking was initially depressed over his diagnosis, he decided that there were things he wanted to accomplish with his life. He began to study and work harder than ever before. He wanted to earn his PhD before he died. Around the same time, he met and fell in love with a girl named Jane Wilde. Between his work and Jane, Hawking had a reason to live.

Despite the initial grim diagnosis from his doctors, Stephen Hawking has lived a full and productive life with the help of science and modern medicine. Although he is confined to a wheelchair and cannot talk, he can communicate using a touch pad computer and a voice synthBig Bang besizer.

Also Read: General Knowledge Facts File – Important

Black Holes and Hawking Radiation

Stephen Hawking spent much of his academic work researching black holes and space-time theories. He wrote many important papers on the subject and became a noted expert on relativity and black holes. Perhaps his most famous discovery was when he demonstrated that black holes emit some radiation. Prior to this it was thought that black holes could not get smaller because nothing could escape their enormous gravity. The radiation from black holes has become known as Hawking Radiation.

A Brief History of Time

Stephen Hawking also enjoyed writing books. In 1988 he published A Brief History in Time. This book covered modern subjects on cosmology such as the big bang and black holes in terms that could be understood by the average reader. The book became very popular selling millions of copies and remaining on the London Sunday Times best-seller list for four years. He has since written many more books including A Briefer History in Time, On the Shoulders of Giants, and The Universe in a Nutshell.

Must Read: Scientists and Inventors

Interesting Facts about Stephen Hawking

  • Stephen Hawking was born on the 300th anniversary of the death of the famous scientist Galileo.
  • He has been married twice and has three children.
  • Stephen Hawking has been on several TV shows including The Simpsons and the Big Bang Theory.
  • The book A Brief History of Time only has one equation, Einstein’s famous E = mc2.
  • Stephen Hawking has co-written several children’s books with his daughter Lucy including George’s Cosmic Treasure Hunt and George and the Big Bang.
  • He received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2009.
  • He hopes to travel to space one day and has trained with NASA on their zero gravity aircraft.

Don’t Miss:

Famous Scientist Facts

Greatest Scientists

Famous scientists and their Contribution or Discoveries

Recent Articles

Asia Continent

Asia Continent is the largest continent in the world in both, area and population, constituting nearly one-third of the landmass, lying entirely...

Private Sector

The public sector refers to the part of the economy concerned with providing various government services. The composition of the public sector...

Money Market

As money became a commodity, the money market became a component of the financial markets for assets involved in short-term borrowing, lending,...

Maharatna Companies in India

Maharatna title to Central Public Sector Enterprise is granted to selected high valued companies with an objective to delegate ample power and...

Important Funding Agencies of the World

World Bank It is an international financial institution that provides loans to developing countries. Motto of this organization is...

Related Stories

1 Comment

  1. Mr. Author
    I am regular reader of your blog ias.org.in since long time, but today blog format is changed so it is not comfortable to me as aspirant.

    previous format was so nice and easy to access so please make it change and put a option for searching the particular topic.

    please very soon make the format change of you blog ias.org.in

    I thanks for your huge IAS information material contribution.

Comments are closed.

Stay on top - Get the daily news in your inbox