Today in History – 1 April

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today in history 1 april

1839

Medical College Hospital in Calcutta having only 20 beds was opened for male patients .

1855

Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar’s first Bengali primer ‘Varnaparichay’ was published.

1869

Income Tax was imposed. On the same day New Indian Divorce Act came into operation.

1878

Calcutta Museum was opened for general public.

1882

Savings Bank Postal system was introduced.

1889

Hindu’, English language newspaper changed its perodicity from weekly (20/09/1888) to daily.

1912

The imperial capital of India was moved from Calcutta to Old New Delhi and the Province of Delhi was declared by a proclamation.

1918

Royal Air Force replaces Royal Flying Corps in Britain.

1930

Government announced 15 yrs and 18 yrs as minimum marriageable age for girls and boys. This is presently remodified.

1933

Indian Air Force was established at Drigh Road in Karachi (now in Pakistan). Subroto Mukherjee and four other officers were inducted as pilots when the first Indian Air Force Squadron was formed. The first aircraft flight joined the Indian Air Force, at that time it possessed a strength of six RAF-trained officers and 19 Havai Sepoys (literally, air soldiers); its aircraft inventory comprised four Westland Wapiti II. A army co-operation biplaned at Drigh Road as the “”A”” Flight nucleus of the planned No.1 (Army Co-operation) Squad

1935

The Reserve Bank of India was established as a Central Bank and the job of issuing notes was entrusted to this bank. The Commissioner’s office which issued currency was abolished and was substituted by the Governer of the RBI. The issue offices scattered around the country came to be called as the regional offices of the Reserve Bank.

1936

Orissa state was formed as a province of British India separating from Bihar.

1944

Japanese troops conquer Jessami, East-India.

1947

Gandhiji addresses Asian Relations Conference in Delhi.

1954

Air Marshal Subroto Mukerjee became the first Indian to become the Air Officer Commanding, India Command.

1956

Companies Act of 1913 was revised and Indian Companies Act of 1956 came into force.

1957

Postage stamps and sale of postal stationary was introduced as per decimal coinage system and Rupee was established to Hundred Naya Paisa.

1962

Metric weights became compulsory as New Weights and Measurements Metric system was intoduced by Indian Government.

1963

Delhi Special Police Establishment acquired its popular current name Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) through a Home Ministry resolution passed.

1969

India’s first Atomic Energy Reactor started at Tarapore.

1976

Television was separated from radio, and Doordarshan Corporation was established.

1978

India’s sixth Five-Year Plan commenced.

1987

Bureau of Indian Standards was changed to Indian Standards Institution.

1989

UN Peace-keeping Force arrives in Windhoek to prefare for independence of Namibia.

1990

Gold Control Act was withdrawn.

1993

National Aeronautical Laboratory becomes National Aerospace Laboratories

1995

The Airports Authority of India (AAI) formed by the merger of IAAI and NAA. AAI manages five international airports, 87 domestic airports and 28 civil enclaves.

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