History of United States
Four hundred years ago 100 followers of the Puritan faith, set sail from England in search of a new land and reached America. They landed in the area which is now called Massachusetts. These settlers prospered in America they elected and formed their own government, made laws and controlled taxes.
Over the years these settlers were colonized by Britain and ruled by the British. The American settlers, though taxed by the British, where not allowed to have any representative in the parliament.
Over a period of time the settlers demanded their rights. Resentment to levying the taxes without representation grew.
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In 1773 the British reduced the tax on Tea in Britain but continued to levy the same in America. As a result of this a group of Americans dressed as Indians boarded a British ship in Boston harbor and threw the cargo of Tea into the sea. This was called the Boston Tea Party.
In 1775 after a failed negotiation between the British and the Americans, fighting broke out.
On 4th July in 1776 the Americans declared their independence. The war with the British continued till 1781 and in 1783 the British recognized their independence.
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The first flag of the United State was similar to the present one except it had 13 stars in a circle representing the 13 states. These states formed the Union.
During 1861 and 1865 there was fighting within the union because of resentment in the southern states over the election of Abraham Lincoln, who abolished slavery, as the President. As a result of this Southern states formed their own Union called Confederacy.
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In 1861 war broke between the Confederates and the Union. It was a tough war and lasted till 1865 when the Confederates surrendered. This led to the abolition of slavery all over the country.
As the years went by many people migrated to the United States, Industry developed and the United States of America emerges as a powerful nation.
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