More

    The Collapse of Soviet Union

    - Advertisement -

    The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) formally ceased to exist on 26 December 1991 by the declaration of the Soviet of the Republics of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union. On the previous day, 25 December 1991, Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev had resigned, declaring his office extinct, and handed over the Soviet nuclear missile launching codes to Russian President Boris Yeltsin. That evening the Soviet flag was lowered from the Kremlin and replaced with the Russian tricolour.

    Representatives from 11 Soviet republics (Ukraine, the Russian Federation, Belarus, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan) met in the Kazakh city of Alma-Ata and announced that they would no longer be part of the Soviet Union. Instead, they declared they would establish a Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).

    Read Also: An attempt to revive India’s relation with Central Asia

    The Soviet state was born in 1917. That year, the revolutionary Bolsheviks overthrew the Russian czar and established a socialist state in the territory that had once belonged to the Russian empire. In 1922, Russia proper joined its far-flung republics in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. The first leader of this Soviet state was the Marxist revolutionary Vladimir Lenin.

    - Advertisement -

    The dissolution of the state also marked an end to the Cold War. The Revolutions of 1989 and the dissolution of the Soviet Union led to the end of decades-long hostility between North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the Warsaw Pact, which had been the defining feature of the Cold War.

    Gorbachev introduced a wide-ranging program of reform. His major reforms were glasnost, perestroika, and democratization. These reforms allowed the problems of the USSR to be uncovered and become public knowledge.

    With the new found freedom of Gorbachev’s reforms, some outlying Soviet states began to rebel. The first states to demand their freedom were the Baltic states of Estonia, Lithuania, and Latvia.

    On 24 August, President Gorbachev resigned as general secretary of the CPSU and ordered all party units in the government dissolved. Five days later, Communist rule in the Soviet Union effectively ended when the Supreme Soviet indefinitely suspended all CPSU activities on Soviet territory.

    In early December, the Republic of Belarus, the Russian Federation, and Ukraine broke away from the USSR and created the Commonwealth of Independent States. Weeks later, they were followed by eight of the nine remaining republics. At last, the mighty Soviet Union had fallen.

    Don’t Miss:

    The Chinese Revolution

    Who is Who Important Persons in History of World

    - Advertisement -

    Recent Articles

    Inspirational UPSC Board Interview of Gokul GR IAS, AIR-19

    Gokul GR was the last candidate in the list. This is the transcript of the interview: Gokul GR: May I come in, Sir? The chairman asked...

    IAS Exam Preparation Strategy for beginners by Rachit Raj, UPSC Exam Topper

    IAS Exam Rank 3, Rachit Raj Sharing his IAS Exam Preparation strategy for those who are very new in their Civil Services Exam preparation...

    Quiz 203 – Science Previous Year’s Question Paper

    The water pollution in river is measured by the dissolved amount of (a) chlorine (b) ozone (c) nitrogen (d) oxygen Explanation: Water pollution is measured by the dissolved amount of...

    Security Guard’s Son Kuldeep Dwivedi Clears UPSC Exam

    Kuldeep Dwivedi has secured the All India Rank 242 in the Civil Services Exams conducted by UPSC, paving the way for his future as an...

    Today in History – 25 February

    1510 Portuguese Catholics conquer Goa under Albuquerque, the then Governor, to serve as capital of their Asian maritime empire beginning conquest and exploitation of India...

    Related Stories

    Stay on op - Ge the daily news in your inbox