Causes for the failure of 1857 Revolt :
By July 1858, the revolt was completely suppressed. Following factors may be the reason for the failure of revolt:
- Lack of coordination and central leadership. The revolt was supposed to have started on May 31, 1857 as decided by Nana Saheb and his colleagues. But the Meerut incident led to early breaking of the revolt
- Lack of forward-looking program.
- Indian leaders lacked resources and experience as compared to British.
- Lack of support and martial races of the North
- British power have remained intact in the eastern, western and southern parts of India from where the forces were sent to suppress the revolt
- Tacit support of certain sections of the Indian public.
- Limited territorial and base.
- Many native Indian states, influenced by the example of powerful Hyderabad, did not join the revolt.
- Sikh soldiers of the Punjab area remained loyal to the British throughout.
- The aging Bahadur Shah was neither a brave general not an astute leader of people.
Impacts of the 1857 Revolt :
The impacts of the 1857 revolt may be summarised as
- In August 1850, the British Parliament passed an act for Better Government of India, 1858, which put an end to the rule of the Company. The control of the British government in India was transferred to the British Crown.
- A minister of the British government, called the Secretary of State, was made responsible for the Government of India.
- The British Governor-general of India was now also given the title of Viceroy, who was also the representative of the Monarch.
- Marked the end of British imperialism and Princely states were assured against annexation.The Doctrine of Lapse was withdrawn.
- Marked the end of Peshwaship and the Mughal rule.
- After the revolt, the British pursued the policy of divide and rule.
- Far-reaching changes were made in the administration and increase of white soldiers in the army.
- The total expense of the suppression of the Revolt was borne by the Indians.