Today in History – 1 January

1399

Amir Timur left Delhi. He took the title ‘Emperor of India’ and recrossed the Indus on March 11.

1664

Shivaji assumed the royal title and he marched towards Surat.

1851

Publication of Marathi newspaper ‘Gyanoday’.

1862

Indian Penal Code and Code of Criminal Procedure passed on October 6, 1860 came into force.

1874

The first women magazine “Bola Bodhini” was published.

1877

Queen Victoria was proclaimed as ‘The Empress of India’ in Delhi Darbar.

1880

Money order system was introduced.

1894

Satyendranath Bose, Professor, and famous Indian physics expert was born, He worked with Albert Einstein for some time.

1903

A vast crowd thronged the great plain outside Delhi today, waiting to hear the declaration that King Edward VII was Emperor of India. The crowd, clothed in brilliantly colored garments, was largely composed of common people who had come to the durbar to see India’s princes pledge their fealty to the Emperor. The Duke of Connaught, representing King Edward, sat on the left of the Viceroy of India, Lord Curzon of Kedleston, who sat on a throne surrounded by giant silver footstools. Lord Curzon spoke briefly, then read a message from the King, who expressed regret at not being present at the durbar and his wishes for “the increasing prosperity of my Indian Empire.” Among the dignitaries in the amphitheater were 600 veterans of the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857-58.

1918

Sir Edwin Lutyens was knighted in recognition of his quality of work at Delhi and his gratuitous services to the War Graves Commission.

1944

Sir Edwin Lutyens, the Builder of Rashtrapati Bhavan and England’s most outstanding architect of his time, died.

1948

India raised voice against Pakistani infiltration in the country. A complaint was lodged in the Security Council of United Nation on Kashmir invasion.

1949

A ceasefire eventually came into force. Under UN supervision, a negotiated Cease Fire Line was drawn up on an actual holding basis pending future settlements. This meandering, and at places militarily illogical line, ran some 700 kilometers from Chhamb in the South to a map reference point NJ 9842 in Ladakh in the North. The fighting was to continue for 15 months, with heavy RIAF involvement throughout, but despite being continuously on an operational footing throughout this period, the reorganization and modernization of the service continued unabated.

1972

Indian states abolished the previous rulers of Privy purses and privileges.

1973

Indian General Insurance Corporation nationalized.

1976

Broadcasting of Commercial Advertisements on TV stations started.

1997

30-year Ganga water sharing treaty between India and Bangladesh takes effect.

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