18 Wars of Medieval India – Battles that changed destiny of India

Some of important Wars of Medieval India that changed the history of India.

Wars of Medieval India (Early)

First Battle of Tarain (1191)

This battle was fought at Tarain near Thaneswar. Prithviraj of Chauhan Dynasty defeated the Mohammad of Ghori.

Second Battle of Tarain(1192)

It was fought at same Tarain battlefield as in the first Tarain battle. This was fought by Mohammad Ghori against Prithvi Raj Chauhan. This time, Prithvi Raj was defeated. Mohammad got the opportunity to enter Indian lands.

Read Also: Important Battles Fought In India

Battle of Chandawar(1194)

In this battle, Jaichandra,King of Kanauj was defeated by Mohammad Ghori. Mohammad further extended his empire in India by defeating a large kingdom.

First Battle of Panipat(21-April-1526)

In this battle, Babur defeated the Army of Afghans and killed their king Ibrahim Lodi.By this victory, Babur got opportunity to expand his small principality into big empire

Battle of Khanwa(17-March-1527)

Rajputs under Rana of Mewar Rana Sanga were defeated by Babur of Ferghana. Rana Sanga was wounded in the battlefield.

Battle of Chanderi(1528)

Medini Rai of Chanderi was defeated by Babur.

Battle of Ghagra or Ghagra(6-May-1529)

Babur defeated and dispersed Afghans in this one of important wars of Medieval India.

Battle of Chausal (7-June-1539)

Sher shah defeated the Mughals, but Humayun, the king escaped by crossing over the river.

Must Read: Important Battles in the Indian History

Battle of Kanauj or Billgram (17-May-1540)

Sher shah won against Humayun. Agra was occupied by Sher shah

Battle for Delhi (7 October 1556)

King ‘Hem Chandra Vikramaditya’ defeated Akbar’s forces in Delhi.

Second Battle of Panipat(5-November-1556)

Hem Chandra Vikramaditya (Hemu) was defeated by Mughals under Akbar. Akbar reoccupied Delhi.

Battle of Bannihatti or Tallikota(23-January-1565)

Unified Army of five Deccan Sultanates(Ali adilshah and four others) defeated the Vijayanagara Army and Vijayanagara General Ramaraju was killed in the battlefield.

Battle of Haldighati(1576)

This was started between Akbar and Rana of Mewar Pratap. Decisive Mughal victory.

Wars of Medieval In

First Carnatic War(1745–48)

This war was fought by British and French armies. French occupied Madras later returned it to British.

Second Carnatic War(1749–54)

French army under the of Duplex fought with British and British won. In 1755 they made a provisional treaty. French loss their expanding opportunities and continued as a trading community in India.

Don’t Miss: Important Wars and Battles

Third Carnatic War(1756–63)

In 1758 French occupied Fort Saint David. But defeated at Wandiwasi(1760). Britishers won.

Battle of Plassey(June-1757)

British Army under the command of Rober Clive fought with Bengal Nawab Siraz-ud-daula and British won and Mir Jafar was made Nawab. Siraz-ud-daula,while he was unarmed was killed mercilessly by Muhammad Beg,a person who was under his assylum. This was one of the most important wars of medieval India.

Battle of Buxar(1764)

British army under the command of Major Manri defeated the combined army of Mir Kasim nawab of Bengal, Shuja-ud-daulah nawab of Awadh, Sha Alam, Mughal emperor

Also, Read:

First Battle of Panipat

Second Battle of Panipat



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  1. Thanx to the writer….but there is a state named assam. Wer Moghal emperors tryed to rule many times….bt the all the war finally lost….at d history of india moghal s were lost only at assam battle….named as Soraighat war

  2. Had Indian kings been united , the external forces would not have dared to invade India .Now , we have to take a lesson from the history that Be united .Do not partition India into smaller states based on religion or caste.Be united otherwise history may repeat iteself .Please do not forget ,”History repeats iteself and strength lies in Unity.

    • exactly..3rd panipat battle must be mentioned as well.fought between peshwas and afgani king,abdali..

  3. Third battle of Panipat… Maratha Empire! For me two wars changed the course of political destiny of this country… Plassey and Panipat (3rd Battle)

  4. prafuull sir why it is not mentioned 3 battle of panipat Marathas always thought of swarajya not like others protection of their kingdoms

  5. 3rd battle of panipat also shud have been threre. It helped Maratahs to become prominent power in most of india

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