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HomeLearnGeographyWildlife Sanctuaries in India

Wildlife Sanctuaries in India

Bandhavgarh National Park

Bandhavgarh National Park is spread at Vindhya hills in Madhya Pradesh. The national park is situated at 197 km away north-east of Jabalpur. Bandhavgarh National Park is known for the Royal Bengal Tigers. The density of the Tiger population at Bandhavgarh is the highest known in India. Bandhavgarh was declared a national park in 1968. The best time to visit this national park is from February to June.

Bandipur National Park

Bandipur National Park is located in the Chamarajanagar district of southern Karnataka in south India. It is one of India’s best-known sanctuaries and is an important tiger reserve. In 1973, Bandipur became one of the India’s Tiger Reserves and in 1974 it was declared a national park. The best time to visit Bandipur National Park is from April to October.

Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary

Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is located in Rajasthan. It is also known as Keoladeo Ghana National Park. This sanctuary is ranked as one of the best water-bird preserves in the world. Bharatpur bird sanctuary is open throughout the year for visitors, although winter is definitely the best time to visit, i.e. from October to January.

Must Read: Project Tiger & Government’s effort to protect tigers in India

Chilka Lake Bird Sanctuary

Chilka Lake Bird Sanctuary is situated in Orissa, towards the south-west of Puri. It has been estimated that around 9 lakh migratory birds visit this place in the winter season. White bellied sea eagles, graylag geese, purple moorhen, jacana, herons and flamingos are among the many species that migrate to Chilka lake bird sanctuary. Many tourists get attracted to this place as many beautiful and exotic birds reside in this sanctuary.

Corbett National Park

Corbett National Park is the first wildlife reserve of India. It extends over an area of more than 500 sq km. Corbett national park was established in 1936, as the Hailey National Park. In 1955-56 it has changed to Ramganga National Park and finally Jim Corbett National Park.

The main animals found in the Corbett National Park include the tiger, elephant, chital, King Cobra, sambar, nilgai, gharial, wild boar, common musk shrew, flying fox, hedgehog, Indian Pangolin, and nearly 600 species of birds like pied kingfisher, crested serpent eagle, fishing eagle and Himalayan grey-headed fishing eagle are also found here. This park is only open from 15th November to 15th June.

Dachigam National Park

Dachigam National Park is situated in the northern most state of Jammu and Kashmir and is one of the most exotic areas of the sub-continent. This place is known to be the last home of the rare Kashmir stag, viewed best in the autumn season. The best time to visit this awesome place is from the month of June to August, in autumn when the natural beauty is at its best.

Dudhwa National Park

Dudhwa National Park is located along the Indo-Nepal border in Kheri district of Uttar Pradesh. The Park is famous for the one-horned rhino and swamp deer (barasingha). Dudhwa became a national park in 1977. Other animals found in Dudhwa are jungle cats, leopard cats, fishing cats, jackals, civets, sloth bears, sambar, otters, crocodiles and chital.

Eravikulam National Park

Eravikulam National Park was initially set up with the objective of preservation of Nilgiri Tahr. This park is a home to the maximum number of Tahr’s and shelters Atlas Moth, Sambhar;s, Elephants, Langur, Tigers, Leopards and many such animals. The highest mountain peak of Himalayas towers over the sanctuary. It is located in the Devikulam, 15 kms away from Munnar. It was announced as a sanctuary in 1975, with a consideration to its amazing ecological fauna, flora, zoological and geo-morphological significance.

Read Also: 50 National Parks in India

The Gir Forest National Park

The Gir Forest National Park is the only home of the pure Asiatic Lions. It is located about 65 km to the south-east of Junagadh city in the Kathiawar peninsula of Gujarat state, India. There are around 300 Asiatic lions in this park. The Gir National Park and Lion Sanctuary was established in 1965.

Hemis High Altitude Park

Hemis High Altitude Park is located at Ladakh in Jammu and Kashmir. It is the largest high altitudes and preserved national parks of India and thus attracts a large number of tourists every year. Here you can find prominent animals like Snow Leopard, which attributed to its status of Snow Leopard capital. This treasure of unblemished beauty is situated in the northern region of India in the foothills of Himalaya. The climate here is one of the extremes. It was named after the well-known monastery Hemis Gompa

The Idukki wildlife sanctuary

The Idukki wildlife sanctuary is located about 40 km from Thodupuzha in the Idukki district of Kerala. This sanctuary extends over the Thodupuzha and Udumpanchola taluks of Idukki district. Idukki wildlife sanctuary is famous for the wide variety of elephants. The best time to visit this wildlife sanctuary is from December to April.

Kanha National park

Kanha National park is located in Banjar and Halon valleys in the Mandla and Balaghat districts of the state of Madhya Pradesh. This national park was created in 1955. Kanha National Park is one of the India’s finest tiger reserves. Kanha is the abode of the largest populations of the tigers in the country.

Kaziranga National Park

Kaziranga National Park lies partly in Golaghat District and partly in Nagaon District of Assam. It covers an area of 430 Sq. Km. It is the best home of the Great Indian one horned rhinoceros. More than one thousand rhinoceros are found in this national park. Kaziranga was declared a national park in the year 1974 and was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985. The best time to visit the National park is from November to April.

The Keoladeo National Park

The Keoladeo National Park, earlier known as the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is situated in Rajasthan, India. It is a famous avifauna sanctuary. Over 380 species of birds are known to have made the National Park their home. It was declared a protected sanctuary in 1971. It was also declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The park is open throughout the year but one can enjoy the sight of migratory birds from November-March.

Manas National Park

Manas National Park is situated in Kamrup-Golapara district, along the Assam- Bhutan border. It was declared a sanctuary on October 01, 1928 and was designated a World Heritage site in December 1985. The main highlight of the park is the giant hornbill, two subspecies of which, the pied and grey varieties are to be found here. The ideal time to visit the Manas national park is during the months of November to April.

Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary

Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary, situated in Tamil Nadu is an extension of the Bandipur National Park in India. It is distinguished by the river Moyar, which flows with the border of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. The most suitable time to visit this wonderful sanctuary is from February to June. It is one of the most attractive wildlife reserves. The enriched flora and fauna make it a must visit for nature, as well as animal lovers.

The Nagarjunasagar Wildlife Sanctuary

The Nagarjunasagar Wildlife Sanctuary located in Andhra Pradesh. The sanctuary spreads over the five districts of the state namely Kurnool, Prakasam, Guntur, Nalgonda and Mahboobnagar. The wildlife sanctuary is covered with thick flora and fauna. A large variety of animals and birds are found in this sanctuary. The most common among them are the hornbill and the peafowl grey.

Periyar National Park

Periyar National Park is situated in the state of Kerala in South West part of India. It is famous for the large elephant population. The Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary was established in 1934. It was included in the Tiger Project in 1979. Some important mammals are the tiger, leopard, elephant, gaur, sambar, wild dog, barking deer, lion tailed macaque and Nilgiri langur.

Rajaji National Park

Rajaji National Park includes the Shivaliks, close to the foothills of the Himalayas. It is named after the well-known freedom fighter and the last Governor-General of independent India, C. Rajagopalachari (Rajaji), who was the first one to receive the highest civilian award of India, Bharat Ratna. The tropical forest ecosystems of the park have some unique characteristics, which hold scientific and practical significance in development. It has the largest population of elephants in Uttarakhand.

Sunderbans Tiger Reserve

Sunderbans Tiger Reserve is situated in the West Bengal with its major portion spreading in Bangladesh. The Sunderbans Tiger Reserve was created in 1973. Sunderbans is home to spotted deer, wild pigs, monkeys, herons, kingfishers, white bellied eagles and almost 270 Royal Bengal tigers. Sunderbans is open to visitors from October to March and the best time to visit is from December to February.

Also, Read:

World Wildlife Fund (WWF)

Wildlife Corridors – Elephant Lifeline(s) – of Coimbatore

Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve (ABR) Listed by UNESCO

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